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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-39

Biomarkers of oral cancer: A current views and directions


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Gurupadayya Bannimath
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru - 570 015, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_204_21

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Tumor biomarkers are the chemical substances that the human body or cancer cells produce in response to the presence of cancer. These markers are mostly proteins that cancer cells produce more quickly. Patients with certain types of cancer have higher levels of these protein substances in their urine, blood, or body tissue and help differentiate between primary and secondary tumors. Oral carcinomas, especially of the head-and-neck region, represent a critical diagnostic challenge not only for the histopathologist but also for the clinician when planning an appropriate treatment protocol. For these reasons, the practice and understanding of these biomarkers have improved tremendously. This review not only sheds light on the different types of tumor markers but also shows their role in some diseases.


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