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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-15

Variability in linear polypeptide stabilizes proteoglycan than zinc finger protein in vascular smooth muscle cells: An In Silico approach

V ClinBio Labs Private Limited, Central Research Facility, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research; Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur-600 116, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Karthikeyan D Rajamani
ICMR Center for Air Quality, Climate and Health, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_189_20

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Background: Structural and physicochemical topologies of proteins play a considerable role in differentiating the functional properties of the biological system. We aimed to study the physicochemical similarities, structural and functional differences of versican (VCAN) and early growth response (Egr) proteins involved in vascular injuries. Methods: For the primary structure prediction, the proteomic tools Expasy's Protparam is used, likewise, for secondary structure and content prediction SOPM and SOPMA tool is used. The transmembrane regions in VCAN and EGR proteins are predicted through SOSUI (Classification and Secondary Structure Prediction of Membrane Proteins) server. The CYSREC tool is used to identify the presence of disulphide bonds in all the VCAN and EGR proteins, additionally through homology modelling the disulphide bonds are visualized and structure of the modelled proteins are validated through Rampage (Ramachandran plot), ProQ (Protein Quality Server) and ProSA (Protein Structure Analysis) server. Results: VCAN and Egr proteins resemble hydrophilic in nature, similarly negative score of the grand average of hydropathicity index confirms hydrophilic nature. The maximum molecular weight for VCAN is observed as 39265 and 61623 Dalton for EGR protein. VCAN proteins showed a higher level of basic residues except Q86W61, while all the Egr proteins were acidic residues. The extinction coefficient (EC) has unique absorbance at 280 nm wavelength. Based on the aliphatic index (AI ≥ 45) and instability index (II ≥ 40) most of the VCAN and Egr proteins were unstable. The Classification and Secondary Structure Prediction of Membrane Proteins server classifies all Egr and few VCAN and proteins are soluble nature. Secondary structure content prediction and SOPM server show most of the VCAN proteins are beta sheets and many Egr proteins are alpha-helical, while few with mixed structures. Besides these differences, the VCAN protein stability was identified by most probable disulfide (SS) bridges using CYS_REC tool and confirmed by homology modeling in tertiary structure. Whereas the probable disulfide bonds in Egr proteins were not identified. Conclusion: The findings with these functional and structural properties will add an extra room in understanding their dual role.

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