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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 280-284

Genetic makeup and associated virulence posed by the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and the Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli pathotypes

Department of Life Sciences, School of Environment and Life Sciences (SELS), Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB), Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rashed Noor
Department of Life Sciences (DLS), School of Environment and Life Sciences (SELS), Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB), Plot 16, Block B, Bashundhara, Dhaka 1229
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_70_20

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The enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is known to trigger diarrhea in infants, whereas the enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) accounts for the children's diarrhea and the travelers' diarrhea. Transmission of the pathogenic bacteria usually occurs in a fecal–oral route usually originating from the poultry items. Thus, the study relating these E. coli pathotypes to the required virulence factors would be of great interest for the welfare of mass public health. Although the reports on the food-oriented pathogenic E. coli so far are actually uncountable, the present review especially concentrated on the genetics of virulence factors required for the pathogenesis by EPEC and ETEC based on the information given by the previous literature. The review focused on the expressional regulation of the components required for the EPEC pathophysiological impact on humans. The necessary studies correlating the genome with the expression of the virulence factors have been well discussed.

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